- Born: 1437, Latimer, Buckinghamshire, England
- Marriage: Joan BOURCHIER in 1462 in Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire, England
- Died: 26 Jul 1469, Baundry, Oxfordshire, England at age 32
Cause of his death was The Battle of Edgecote.
Battle of Edgecote
July 26, 1469
While in Calais, the Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Clarence inspired a series of rebellions in the north to draw Edward IV northwards. In July the considerable forces of 'Robin of Redesdale', Sir John Conyers who was one of Warwick's retainers, forced Edward to move north to Nottingham. Here he waited for William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke and Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Devon to bring their retainers from Wales and the West Country.
Meanwhile, Warwick and Clarence landed in Kent and marched on London with a large army. From here Warwick sent Sir John Clapham north to rendezvous with Sir John Conyers' rebels. All four armies now converged on the area around Banbury.
On 25th July Pembroke with about 10,000 Welsh infantry and cavalry and Devon with about 6,000 men, mostly archers, arrived at Banbury. They argued over billets (or the favours of a landlord's wife) and Devon withdrew with his men south to Deddington Castle, thus dividing their army at a crucial point. On that same day the Welsh skirmished with the vanguard of Conyers' army, which was coming from the direction of Daventry. This army may have been as large as 20,000 men, but 10,000 to 12,000 are a more practical figure. Clapham was at Northampton with around 6,000 men.
The following morning Pembroke moved east out of Banbury and arrayed his army on high ground on Danes Moor between Wardington and Culworth and waited for Devon to bring up the main body of archers. To the south, Conyers arrayed his men near Thorpe Manderville and advanced towards the Welsh showering them with arrows. Pembroke, without Devon's archers, was forced to abandon his position and charged downhill into Conyers rebels. A fierce melee ensued lasting two or three hours. Just as the Welsh were getting the upper hand, Clapham and his men appeared on the left flank of Pembroke's army and, crying "a Warwick, a Warwick", they poured onto the battlefield.
The Welsh thinking Warwick's army was attacking them as well put up fierce resistance but were eventually driven from the field. About 5,000 Welsh lay dead on the battlefield and all their leaders were captured and executed, including the Earl of Pembroke and his brother Sir Richard Herbert. The Earl of Devon never reached the battlefield and on learning of the defeat of the Welsh he fled with his army, but was captured and executed at Bridgewater, Somerset a few weeks later. One report by the Burgundian Jean de Waurin says that Devon withdrew during the fighting.
Henry married Joan BOURCHIER, daughter of John BOURCHIER and Margery BENNERS, in 1462 in Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire, England. (Joan BOURCHIER was born in 1442 in Halstead, Middlesex, England and died on 7 Oct 1470.)